Tay Ninh province is a province in the southeast of Vietnam. It is adjacent to Binh Duong province and Binh Phuoc province in the east, Long An province in the south, and Cambodia in the west. According to a survey in 2009, the total population of Tay Ninh is 1,066,402 people living in the entire territory of 8 districts and a city of this province. Tay Ninh city is the capital of the province which plays an important role as a connection point between Ho Chi Minh city and Phnom Penh of Cambodia. 

Located at the altitude of 986 meters above the sea level, Ba Den mount is considered the highest point of Tay Ninh province as well as the whole southeastern region. Nevertheless, the topography of Tay Ninh is kind of flat covered by the layer of ancient alluvial soil which is very suitable for the development of industrial trees such as rubber tree, pepper tree, etc.

The climate in Tay Ninh is quite temperate with 2 main seasons including the dry season and rainy season. The dry season starts from December to April of the next year while the rainy seasons often comes to May and end at November. Like other provinces in the southern part of the country, Tay Ninh province is hardly affected by storms and floods, but the drought often happens in the years that the dry season prolongs which lead to the lack of water for supply for people’s living and agricultural production.